What you should know about rabies

What is rabies? Rabies is a deadly disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. The virus is secreted in saliva and is usually transmitted to people and animals by a bite from an infected animal. Less commonly, rabies can be transmitted when saliva from a rabid animal comes in contact with an […]

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What you should know about West Nile virus

Q: What is West Nile virus?A: West Nile virus is an arbovirus (short for arthropod-borne virus) that causes encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). Arboviruses are transmitted by blood-feeding insects such as mosquitoes. Most infections with West Nile virus have been identified in wild birds, horses and humans, but the virus can also infect various other […]

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West Nile Virus a Threat to Horses

The West Nile encephalitis virus first arrived in the United States in 1999, possibly brought by infected birds or humans. The virus has since spread westward from New York via migratory birds. Crows and blue jays are especially susceptible. The virus was first identified in Illinois in the past month, found in dead crows in […]

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West Nile Virus Vaccination Guidelines

West Nile virus (WNV) infection was first diagnosed in horses in the United States in 1999 and is now an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of horses presenting with signs of neurologic disease in all areas of North America. West Nile virus, a flavivirus, was first identified as a cause of infection and fatal […]

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Vesicular Stomatitis In Horses

Vesicular Stomatitis (VS) is a contagious disease that afflicts horses, livestock, wildlife and even humans. The disease is caused by a virus which although rarely life threatening, can have significant financial impact on the horse industry. Vesicular Stomatitis is a reportable disease; in a suspect case, state and federal animal health authorities will be contacted […]

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Understanding Equine Strangles

Strangles is caused by bacterial infection with Streptococcus equi subspecies equi (referred to as S. equi). The bacteria typically infect the upper airway and lymph nodes of the head and neck. The disease has been in the equine population for centuries, and was first reported in 1251. The infection is highly contagious in horse populations, […]

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Understanding Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA)

Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA) is a contagious disease caused by equine arteritis virus (EAV). While it is rarely life threatening to otherwise healthy adult horses, EVA is of special concern to horse breeders because it can cause abortion in pregnant mares, death in young foals and render breeding stallions permanent carriers of the virus. Although […]

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Understanding Equine Viral Arteritis

Although infrequent in occurrence, this is one virus that could affect the future of your breeding program. The new foals of every crop represent not only the dreams of their breeders, but their economic futures, as well. With the recovering equine economy and a wealth of breeders wise enough to protect from overbreeding, the horse […]

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Ticks on Horses: How to Identify & Control

Ticks are frightening pests. In fact, these eight-legged and hard-bodied arachnids can scare even the most hardened horse owner. They are small and difficult to see. Their powerful jaws make them seemingly impossible to remove. They can transmit potentially life-threatening diseases. However, there are simple ways to spot ticks and safely remove them from your […]

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Tetanus (Lockjaw): Why Vaccinate?

Tetanus is caused by a bacterial toxin produced by the bacterium, Clostridium tetani, which is normally found in soil and in the feces of horses. C. tetani needs a decreased oxygen supply to multiply, so any area where there is a deep puncture wound or where a wound has healed over (such as the navel […]

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